Quick Answer: Who Were Ruled India Before Independence?

Which countries ruled India before independence?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947..

Who Ruled India first?

The military exploits of the first three rulers–Chandragupta I (ca. 319-335), Samudragupta (ca. 335-376), and Chandragupta II (ca. 376-415)–brought all of North India under their leadership.

What made British to leave India?

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.

Did India exist before the British?

There were many Indias earlier, but the idea of a nation as such comes with the freedom struggle. … Mukherjee categorically rejected the notion that it was the British who brought the idea of the Indian nation-state. “The Britishers did not even think of India as a nation.

Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in IndiaEmpireApproximate maximum extent (Area in km²)Size as percentage of area of Republic of IndiaMaurya Empire5,000,000152%British Raj4,574,000139%Mughal Empire4,000,000122%Gupta Empire3,500,000106%5 more rows

Who ruled India in 1st century?

1st centuryYearEvent68Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises.78Gautamiputra Satkarni becomes Satavahana emperor and starts Shalivahana era calendar after defeating Scythian king Maues.100 or afterSugar was first produced from sugarcane plants in northern India sometime after the first century.1 more row

What was India’s original name?

BharatLook at us: we operate with two names, the original name Bharat, and the given name, India. The invaders of Bharat who came up to the river Sindhu somehow managed to pronounce Sindhu as Hindu, and then Indus. And finally India is stuck on us for centuries now.

Who was last Hindu king of India?

Prithviraj ChauhanLike Charlemagne and King Arthur, the twelfth-century Indian ruler Prithviraj Chauhan stood on the cusp of two periods in a time of great change. He has often been described as “the last Hindu emperor” because Muslim dynasties of Central Asian or Afghan origin became dominant after Prithviraj Chauhan’s death.

What was India before independence?

The British Indian Empire was partitioned in August 1947 into the Dominion of India (present day Republic of India) and Dominion of Pakistan (present day Islamic Republic of Pakistan and People’s Republic of Bangladesh), each gaining its independence.

What was the name of India before British rule?

Jambudvipa (Sanskrit: जम्बुद्वीप Jambu-dvīpa, lit. “berry island”) was used in ancient scriptures as a name of India before Bhārata became the official name. The derivative Jambu Dwipa was the historical term for India in many Southeast Asian countries before the introduction of the English word “India”.

Who named country India?

The official name of the Republic of India was derived from the Sanskrit name ‘Sindhu’ that referred to Indus River. By the time the Persians conquered both, the then Indian subcontinent and Greece in 5th century BCE, ‘Sindhu’ became ‘Hindus’ to mark the ‘land of Hindus’.

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858) Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

How old is India?

approximately 250,000 yearsIndia is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. From the traces of hominoid activity discovered in the subcontinent, it is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.

What was India in 1492?

As an aside: Columbus did not believe he was in India (which was called Hindustan at the time). He called the native people he encountered “En Dio,” or in English, of God, which eventually became “Indians.”

Who is the greatest Hindu King?

12 Greatest Kings and Warriors in Indian History !1# Chandragupta Maurya (340 BC – 298 BC) :2# Ashoka Maurya (304–232 BCE) :3# Porus a.k.a. Puru :4# Raja Raja Chola :5# Kanishka I or Kanishka the Great:6# Alha :7# Prithvi Raj Chauhan :8# Hemu a.k.a. Hemchandra Vikramaditya :More items…